On October 17, 2019, it was announced that HBO Max had acquired exclusive streaming rights to Studio Ghibli's catalogue in the United States as part of a deal with GKIDS. With the exception of Grave of the Fireflies, the Studio Ghibli films were made available for digital purchases on most major services in the United States and Canada on December 17, 2019. Unlike most of the other films which were published by Tokuma Shoten, Grave was published and owned by Shinchosha, which also had published the short story it was based on, and such fell into different rights holdings. On January 20, 2020, it was announced that Netflix acquired the exclusive streaming rights to Studio Ghibli's catalogue in all regions except for the United States, Canada and Japan, as part of a deal with Ghibli's international distributor Wild Bunch. No streaming rights deals have been announced to date for either Japan or Canada. Canadian distribution is also handled by GKIDS; however, HBO Max has no immediate plans to launch in that country. While HBO has a programming partnership with Canadian service Crave, the latter has indicated its deals with HBO do not include Canadian streaming rights to Ghibli films.